What is Polyporus Umbellatus?Polyporus umbellatus is the sclerotia of Polyporus umbellatus (Pers.) Fries, a fungus of the family Polyporus umbellatus. Contains polyporus, which is similar to Poria, α-hydroxy-tetracosanoic acid (α-hydroxy-tetracosanoic acid), ergosterol, biotin, etc.Polyporus umbellatus extract is a rare, edible species of mushroom, found growing on roots of old beeches or oak. It isalso called Lumpy Bracket and Umbrella Polypore.A close relative of Grifola frondosa (Maitake), P. umbellatus differs from most medicinal mushrooms in that traditionally it has been harvested as a hyphal mass, or sclerotium, which only forms when P. umbellatus is symbiotically associated with Armillaria species.It is a “butt rot” that fruits terrestrially, near the bases and roots of hardwoods across northern North America. It is apparently fairly rare on our continent, and is encountered far less frequently than the somewhat similar Grifola frondosa. The fruiting body consists of many small, smoky brown, roundish caps (as opposed to the larger, fan-shaped and irregular caps of Grifola frondosa); the undersurfaces are white; and the individual branches are discrete immediately below the caps but become fused together into one solid structure below.Polyporus umbellatus for common fungi medicinal materials in china, has a history of more than 2000 years of medicinal enjoys a high reputation both at home and abroad.
It is sometimes called “Grifola umbellata” in older field guides–and it may soon be headed for a new genus (perhaps “Dendropolyporus”), once the DNA-informed taxonomy of the genus Polyporus gets better settled. Additional uncertainty is raised by Xing and collaborators (2013), who report substantial genetic variation among Chinese populations of Polyporus umbellatus; there may be several, or many, species involved.Basic Information:ANALYSISSPECIFICATIONRESULTSAppearanceBrown yellow powderCompliesOdorCharacteristicCompliesRatio(TLC)10:1CompliesSieve analysis100% pass 80 meshCompliesLoss on DryingResidue on Ignition≤5.0%≤5.0%3.9%4.2%Heavy Metal<20ppmCompliesResidual Solvents<0.5%CompliesResidual PesticideNegativeCompliesTotal Plate Count<1000cfu/gCompliesYeast & Mold<100cfu/gCompliesE.ColiNegativeCompliesSalmonellaNegativeComplies
Polyporus Umbellatus Benefits:
1.It can anti-tumor, antiallergic;anti- neurasthenia; anti-high blood pressure, anti-diabets, protect cardiovascular system.
2.It can treating chronic bronchitis,&treating asthma; Improve immunity.
3.There are several scientific studies supporting that it has high-molecular-weight . Polyporus umbellatus polysaccharides can produce great immune stimulating effects.4.Diuresis effects; it has Liver protection.
5.The primary active compound, the hot water-extracted polysaccharides of Polyporus umbellatus, is composed of β(1-3)(1-6)Dglucans.In recent Japanese animal studies on the anticancer effects of various medicinal mushrooms,
Grifola Umbellate produced second best result of all.
Polyporus Umbellatus Uses:1. Applied in health product field, as raw material to produce various kinds of health products, such as poria cocos polysaccharide capsule, tablet, electuary and so on;
2. Applied in pharmaceutical field, oral pachymaran is a kind of common medicine to treat tumour.
3. Applied in cosmetic field, as raw material to added into cosmetic, which can delay skin aging.
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